The Canadian Army were the armed forces of Canada from 1940 to 1968. It was formed from the Canadian Militia, following the latter's modernization in the late 1930s. The Army, unlike the Expeditionary Force of World War I, was formed autonomously from the British government. Hence, it was mobilized solely under the jurisdiction of the Canadian government. At the time, the government wished only to support Allied forces with weapons and supplies with a limited amount of units being involved in engagements. After 1945, the Canadian Army saw a limited role during the Korean War as a field force. After that, it did not participate in any major international conflicts and was unified with the Navy and Air Force to form the combined Canadian Forces in 1968.
The Canadian Army is similar to their British counterparts in terms of appearance, sporting the Brodie helmet (albeit with an additional net cover) along with British backpacks and webgear. They wear camouflaged Denison smocks with "Canada" emblazoned above their left chest pocket, and brown pants with black boots. Medics do not have the large red cross on their helmets worn by most other factions.
The Canadian mechanised component is made up of the standard tanks and APCs used by the British and American factions, with the unique addition of the Sexton and Lynx scout car, replacing the Allied Priest and Willys MB respectfully.
- Uniquely, the Canadians in Battlefield 1942 have formation signs used to identify certain vehicles belonging to certain regiments.
- The Lynx scout car and M3 Half-Track have the emblem of the 2nd Canadian Division.
- Alternatively, the M4 Sherman and Sexton have the emblem of the 1st Canadian Army Tank Brigade, later known as 1st Canadian Armored Brigade.