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A Carbine is a firearm that combines the features of an Assault Rifle and PDWs. They utilize the same type of ammunition as assault rifles, giving them the advantage of standardization over PDWs that may use proprietary cartridges, and range over submachine guns that often use pistol ammunition.
The smaller size and lighter weight of carbines makes them easier to handle in close-quarter situations such as urban engagements, when deploying from military vehicles, or in any situation where space is confined. The disadvantages of carbines relative to assault rifles include inferior long-range accuracy and a shorter effective range due to their shorter barrel. Larger than a submachine gun, they are harder to maneuver in tight encounters where superior range and stopping power at distance are not great considerations.
A special class of carbines is the pistol-caliber carbine (PCC). Using the same cartridges as pistols or revolvers, these weapons often feature longer barrels, giving them a better velocity and accuracy than normal pistols while still being very maneuverable.