Italy (or the Italian Republic) is a country in Southern Europe, formerly known as the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 1946.
Prior to World War I, Italy was aligned with Germany and Austro-Hungary as part of the Triple-Alliance, but did not enter the war with them in 1914. Instead, they joined the Allies opposing the Central Powers in 1915, playing a significant part in the war until the armistice of 1918. After World War I, although awarded territory and a place as one of the "Big Four" powers of the victorious nations alongside Britain, France and the United States, the gains were considered small in comparison to the heavy human and financial cost of the war.
In the social and economic strife that followed, the fascist party seized power in Italy, with Benito Mussolini acting as dictator. Italy entered World War II, this time on the side of the Axis Powers of Nazi Germany and Japan, in 1940. In 1943, during the Allied Invasion of Italy, Mussolini was deposed and the country signed an armistice with the allies. From this point until the end of the war in 1945, the country was split in two, with some choosing to join the fight with the allies, and some continuing to support the German-aligned government of Mussolini, who had set up a new Fascist state in the north of the country. The war in Italy ended with the surrender of Germany in May 1945--a few days prior, Mussolini had been captured and executed by Italian Resistance members.
- The Royal Italian Army (RIA) were the armed forces of the Kingdom of Italy during the World War II period, only being replaced with the Italian Army on the declaration of a republic in 1946. As such, the RIA is featured in the Battlefield 1942 expansion pack, Battlefield 1942: The Road to Rome.
Italy is a part of both NATO and the European Union, both of which are featured as factions in their own rights in the Battlefield series. Italy is therefore presumably involved indirectly in other Battlefield games as a part of these 2 alliances.
The Italian theater of World War II is the specific focus of Battlefield 1942: The Road to Rome. As such, all battles from this game are set in Italy. These are:
Outside of Italy-proper, several more maps from the North African theater of World War II in Battlefield 1942 are set in the Italian colony of Libya. These are:
- Main article: Royal Italian Army
Italy returns in Battlefield 1. Unlike in the Second World War, Italy was aligned with the Entente, comprised of Britain, France and Imperial Russia when it entered the First World War against the Central Powers in 1915. During the war, the country was the location of several major battles, where the Royal Italian Army fought mainly against the military of Austria-Hungary. Towards the end of the war, elements of the British, French, American and German armies were involved in fighting on the Italian Front.
Some of the weapons used by EU and US forces in Battlefield games are Italian in make. Some of these are also available to all factions and kits in Battlefield: Bad Company 2, Battlefield 3, and Battlefield 4. Examples of such weapons include:
- M9 - Common sidearm throughout the Battlefield series. Produced by Beretta
- M93R - Produced by Beretta
- SPAS-12 - Produced by Luigi Franchi
- SPAS-15 - Produced by Luigi Franchi
- Benelli M3 - Produced by Benelli Armi SpA
- Benelli M4 - Produced by Benelli Armi SpA
- MX4 Storm - Produced by Beretta
- AR-160 - Produced by Beretta
- SW40 - Produced by Chiappa