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Operation Battleaxe

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Operation Battleaxe

BF1942 Icon Battlefield 1942

Part of the

Second World War


British Army vs. Afrika Korps


June 15th - 17th 1941


Eastern Libya







Operation Battleaxe (Arabic:عملية بلطة الحرب) was a North African-theatre battle of World War II, fought in 1941 by the forces of the United Kingdom's Army and Nazi Germany's Afrika Korps. It was hoped that a Nazi defeat would ease the Siege of Tobruk, but was nearly a complete disaster. On June 15th, 1941, British forces attacked the Afrika Korps positions and scattered them, while withstanding several counterattacks. Elsewhere, British tanks came under heavy fire from Nazi artillery. Over half of all British tanks were destroyed on the first day. On the second day, approximately three-fourths of their tanks were gone. The Afrika Korps then counterattacked the British Army with a flanking maneuver, forcing the British to retreat on June 17th. The operation was a humiliating defeat for the British Army.


"General Rommel and his Afrika Korps have been gaining key victories in North Africa. To put a stop to his advances and end the Axis siege on Tobruk, British Command has devised Operation Battleaxe. It is believed that this counteroffensive will provide Allied forces with some much-needed momentum to defeat the enemy. Thanks to the arrival of reinforcements, the Allies now have the man and material to combat Rommel's Panzer Division. As part of this operation, a British light tank group has been ordered to engage the enemy near Sollum, an Egyptian town close to the Libyan border. Allied command needs to keep an eye on Rommel. He's had time to strengthen his positions and he's sure to have a few tricks up his sleeve."
— British Map Briefing
"Berlin's effort to assist Italy in defeating the British in North Africa has been successful. With Rommel leading his armored divisions to victory in the desert, it will only be a matter of time before Germany recaptures Tobruk and takes other key spots along the Mediterranean. After Germany claims ultimate victory in North Africa, it will have secured the region's valuable supply line to natural resources in the Middle East. While units from the Afrika Korps lay siege on Tobruk, a significant force will remain at Sollum to keep it from falling to the British. At nearby Halfaya Pass, Rommel has stationed a number of 88-mm anti-aircraft guns, which he'll use to stop enemy armored divisions in their tracks. If intelligence reports are accurate, the enemy is heading straight into Rommel's trap. This will be a glorious victory for the Third Reich."
— German Map Briefing


The map provides each of the British and Germans with an uncapturable base on plateaus opposite each other. In between lies a large valley with 6 control points in, 3 British and 3 German, arranged in a circle. Both teams have the same amount of resources (tanks, planes, etc.).

Most of the flags have a similar layout; a bunker (with mounted machinegun), sandbags, barbed wire, and a number of supplies, including medical cabinets and ammunition boxes. Certain flags will spawn a tank (either a Panzer IV or an M4 Sherman).


British Army
Medium tank(s)
Tank destroyer(s)
Self-propelled artillery
Anti-aircraft vehicle(s)
Fixed-wing aircraft
Flag Germany 1933
Afrika Korps
Medium tank(s)
Heavy tank(s)
Self-propelled artillery
Anti-aircraft vehicle(s)
Fixed-wing aircraft


British Army:Edit

British BaseEdit

Cannot be captured by the Germans. Spawns two Spitfires, two 40mm Bofors, an M3A1, an M10 Wolverine, and an M7 Priest.

1st Line British BunkersEdit

Each bunker spawns two M2 Brownings under British control or two MG42s under German control.

2nd Line British BunkerEdit

Spawns two M4 Shermans and two M2 Brownings under British control or Panzer IVs and two MG42s under German control.

Afrika Korps:Edit

German BaseEdit

Cannot be captured by the British. Spawns three Flak 38s, two Bf 109s, a Hanomag, a Tiger, and a Wespe.

1st Line German BunkersEdit

Each bunker spawns two MG42s under German control or two M2 Brownings under British control.

2nd Line German BunkerEdit

Spawns two Panzer IVs and two MG42s under German control or two M4 Shermans and two M2 Brownings under British control.


"The Germans were prepared, but the reinforced Allied forces had enough firepower to win this key victory in the North African campaign. To gain victory, the Allies withstood one of Germany's greatest military commanders and a surprise attack by the Luftwaffe. Though Rommel is on the run now, he will surely regroup as soon as possible to launch a counterstrike. Now, though, it is time for troops to rest and prepare for the next battle."
— British Victory
"As Berlin predicted, the Allies were totally surprised by a German air attack. Germany has dealt a decisive blow at Sollum and sent the British running back to Egypt. Enemy tanks are smoldering in the sand and soon Germany will control the valuable supply routes in North Africa."
— German Victory
"It seemed as if Rommel was always one step ahead of the Allies in this battle. Bogged down by obstacles and minefields, and pinned down by an unexpected air attack, the Allies didn't have a chance. After some early gains, Operation Battleaxe turned into a complete failure for the Allies. It's time for Allied forces to retreat and get ready for the next conflict in the desert."
— British Defeat
"Not even a surprise air strike by the Luftwaffe could save the Desert Fox from being outfoxed at Sollum. Now Rommel will have to regroup and prepare for the next skirmish. The Afrika Korps seemed to have superior troops and weaponry, and they definitely had an advantageous position at Halfaya Pass. Still, the British troops were able to deal Rommel a stunning defeat. Berlin will expect different results in the next encounter."
— German Defeat


Bf1942 eegg 1
  • On the A2 and A3 line there are shrubs in the shape of the letters NS. This stands for Niclas Svensson, the person who designed the map for Operation Battleaxe.

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